Spinal fusion surgery is a procedure aimed at joining two or more vertebrae that are damaged. The latter can happen in a wide variety of diseases, both local and systemic.
From an anatomical point of view, the spinal column is made up of a set of bones called vertebrae , between which is the spinal cord, an important part of the nervous system.
This surgery uses different materials to achieve greater stability in one part of the spine in order to reduce the pain caused by many diseases. If you are interested in knowing a little more about the procedure, we invite you to read the following article.
When is spinal fusion surgery performed?
Many spinal conditions may require spinal fusion surgery; especially those that cause pain. In theory, this sensation is generated by the movement of the damaged vertebrae, so their fusion would avoid discomfort.
Some of the disorders in which this procedure is usually used as definitive treatment are the following:
- Herniated disc.
- Degenerative diseases of the vertebrae or intervertebral discs.
- Spinal stenosis.
- Severe arthritis
Many of these conditions are common in the general population. The faster you go to a doctor’s visit for evaluation and follow-up, the better.
Preparation before surgery
The doctor will indicate the steps to follow before the procedure. In general, hospitalization is indicated a few hours before the intervention, during which the consumption of food and beverages can be restricted.
They will give you a special clothing before entering the operating room and, once you are there, the anesthesiologist will administer the corresponding drugs so that you do not feel pain. The type of medication, the route of use and the degree of sedation may vary depending on each case.