Performing exercises to combat a herniated disc is one of the medical indications that accompany the protocol for addressing this pathology. Both health professionals and people linked to the world of gymnastics agree on the importance of physical activity for these patients.
The herniated disc has different forms of presentation according to its location in the spine. In the same way, the degrees of severity are variable, as well as the accompanying symptoms. Read on to find out more.
What types of herniated disc are there?
A herniated disc is a protrusion of the intervertebral disc out of the axis of the spine. This anomalous position of the anatomical structure comes into contact with other tissues that, in the end, will be the ones that determine the symptoms.
The entire length of the spine can be herniated. This helps in the classification of the pathology, which can be cervical, thoracic or lumbar. The first and last are by far the most frequent of the three.
If we think of the spine as a stack of vertebrae, we will understand that there must be something between them that acts as a shock absorber. That something is the intervertebral disc, formed by a more fibrous capsule and a center of soft consistency that absorbs impacts.
The discs are located between the bony vertebral bodies, and maintain a central position in the back that respects the limits imposed by the bones. When one of the discs comes out to the side due to a herniation, the internal balance is lost and the nerves are inflamed, due to proximity.
Thus, we can catalog the following types with their symptoms:
- Cervical: cervical disc herniation is located in the neck and its main symptom is usually neck pain and pain referred to the upper limbs.
- Thoracic: it is the least frequent and manifests with pain in the chest or in the path of the ribs.
- Lumbar: a lumbar disc herniation tends to generate signs in the lower limbs, through lumbociatalgia.