Clavicle fracture is one of the most common bone injuries. It consists of the partial or total breakage of said bone that is in the upper part of the thorax. It is essential to be able to move the arm properly.
The clavicle fracture is very common in traffic accidents and in certain sports, such as motorcycling. The problem is that, if not treated well, it can lead to a number of complications. Therefore, in this article we explain everything you need to know about the injury and how it is treated.
What is a clavicle fracture?
The clavicle is an S-shaped bone that connects the breastbone to the shoulder blade. That is, it joins the shoulder with the trunk, making the movement of the arm possible. We have two clavicles: one left and one right.
Many vital structures run near this bone. For example, the subclavian and axillary vessels or the brachial plexus, which is made up of all the nerves that allow mobility and sensitivity of the upper extremities.
As Cochrane specialists explain , clavicle fracture is one of the most common types of bone breakage. Specifically, it tends to fracture in the middle third. The highest incidence occurs in young adults and children.
Why is it produced?
Clavicle fracture can occur for many reasons. The main mechanism, according to an article by the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, is falls in which there is a direct trauma to the shoulder. It is also frequent in those in which it falls on the outstretched hand and the impact is transmitted to this area.
Another common cause is traffic accidents. It is an injury that is usually found in motorcyclists and cyclists, although it can also appear in car drivers. In the same way, it can be associated with a sporting activity, since falls are common in sports such as football or rugby .
An article published in Progress in Obstetrics and Gynecology explains that clavicle fracture is also common in newborns. It can occur during childbirth, especially in those in which the child has an inappropriate position or is large.
The reason that this injury has a higher incidence in young people is that this bone does not fully harden until after the age of 20. That is why it is more fragile in the event of any trauma.